Calpe Calp Alicante Spain
Calpe , or Calp in Valencian, is located some 67 kilometres north of the city of Alicante.It is dominated by one of the best known landmarks of the Costa Blanca region – the Peñon de Ifach. Calpe is a very busy seaside resort, with a resident population of approximately 26,000 (this of course rises considerably in the summer months), it is in the Community of Valencia. With some excellent beaches, fine shopping and a great selection of bars and restaurants, Calpe is a superb location for a holiday, but is also a worthwhile spot for the day tripper, who will find some interesting places to visit, apart from the Peñon de Ifach, which is worth seeing on its own merit.
Calpe is located north of Benidorm and can be easily accessed from the N332 coast road and the A-7 motorway. Most visitors travel into the area through the Alicante airport, which is located about 60 kilometres from the city. The Valencia airport is located about 105 kilometres from Calpe. Buses are available from both these airports to the city. If you prefer to have a vehicle, car hire companies operate at both airports for convenient car rentals.
Calpe has a vibrant night life, particularly in the months of June through September. You will find a variety of live entertainment to enjoy. In addition, there are art exhibitions and a variety of workshops to attend.
If you rent a car for your vacation, you can enjoy many nearby attractions during your stay. The Jalon Valley is located about fifteen kilometres from the city. This is also known as the valley of wine. The Jalon valley is famous for a variety of wines. A market in the area sells wine by the litre, as well as food and clothing from local merchants. Also close to Calpe is the city of Benidorm. This large city is a major tourist attraction. Benidorm is home to a few theme parks, a vibrant night life and many other attractions. Renting a car is the best way to explore Benidorm and the surrounding areas during your stay on the Costa Blanca.
The history of Calpe
Calpe has a rich and interesting history and has been settled over the centuries by Iberians, Phoenicians, Romans and Arabs. The Romans constructed a fish salting factory in Calpe at Los Baños de Reina (the Queen’s Baths), close to the present day promenade, and the Moors built the Castle of Calpe, from where they controlled the area until defeated in around 1240 by the forces of the Christian king Jaime I.
A tiny town called ‘Ifach’ was built on the slopes of the Peñon in about 1290 by Roger de Lauria (an Aragon Admiral), and later the walls were fortified by Pedro II, to protect the town from attacks by morisco pirates. The town of Ifach was finally destroyed during the War of the Two Pedros (1359), and the town’s people fled to a farmhouse, overlooking the Bay of Calpe, it was around this farmhouse that modern day Calpe developed. This emerging town also built a defensive wall to ward off attacks, though it still suffered frequent incursions.
In 1659 Calpe suffered badly when the town was sacked, and almost 300 of its citizens were taken to Algiers, where they were held for 5 years, until returned in exchange for gold and the release of some pirate prisoners.
From about this time onward, Calpe began to grow considerably and buildings began to appear outside of the town walls as the threat of pirate attacks diminished. The main industry at this time was fishing, but almost as important was the production of salt, Calpe having its own area of salt flats.
During the 1930’s the vestiges of a tourism industry began to emerge in Calpe and some seafront hotels appeared to cater for the new middle-classes. This industry grew throughout the 1940’s and 1950’s and rocketed in the 1960’s, when cheaper and more efficient transport, brought visitors to the town from all over the world.
Calpe has continued to grow, along with the rest of the Costa Blanca, and today has something of the appearance of a ‘mini Benidorm’, with a number of high-rise apartment blocks and hotels, particularly at the northern end of the town. Apart from the Peñon de Ifach, most of the interesting places to visit are located in the old town and these include the Torreó de la Peca (dating from the 14th and 15th Centuries), the Iglesia Antigua (‘Old Church’, originally from the 15th Century), Placa dels Mariners (Mariners Square), and the Ermita de San Salvador (Hermitage of Saint Salvador – originally from the 18th Century but later re-built). There are many other interesting places to visit in and around Calpe, both old and new, and these are all described in a useful leaflet that can be obtained from the local Tourist Information Office. Calpe enjoys a fabulous climate and all year round Calpe weather is generally warm and sunny.
Peñon de Ifach
The amazing Peñon de Ifach will be the subject of another article, as it deserves more than just a passing mention here, but briefly it is made up of 50,000m2 of calcareous rock, which rises vertically from the sea, to a height of 332 metres, dominating the skyline of Calpe. It is now a protected Natural Park, although visitors are allowed to climb to the summit by way of a tunnel, carved into solid rock, to facilitate the journey. Visitors allowed onto the rock are limited in number and you should arrive early and obtain a free entrance ticket.
The Penon de Ifach is a large, craggy rock formation and is protected due to the many varieties of vegetation and indigenous birds that are located near the rock. This formation is very popular among rock climbers. There is a spectacular view of the Costa Blanca from the top of the formation. It is hard to believe, but this is the smallest natural park in Spain together with the Columbretes Islands in Castellon. It was declared a Natural Park in 1987 because its 300 varieties of vegetation and colonies of birds needed protection from the expansion that this small fishing village was undergoing at an incredible speed. It measures about 35 hectares and has a botanical, landscape and tectonic interest. The swift or martin birds together with the silver seagull and plants
not found anywhere else are closely protected because some of these were about to be become extinct. Not everyone may feel capable of climbing this fascinating rock formation, but from the top, the panoramic view of the Costa Blanca is unforgettable. You can zig-zag your way up, changing direction and passing through a tunnel which was built in 1918. Even though it is free, during the summer season and Easter week, you have to get a ticket because there is a limit of about 50 people who can go up every hour. If mountain climbing has always been on your list of something impossible to do, then you will have to cross it off once you have done this marvellous experience.
UK TV in Calpe – how to receive UK TV in Calpe
The Sat and PC Guy installs and maintains Digital Satellite Television Systems, for reception of UK TV in Calpe.
We install Digital Terrestrial Television, TDT, Spain Freeview for Spanish TV reception in Calpe. Depending on your location to the TDT transmitters, you can receive around 30 digital television channels, with the option change the language on many programmes into English.
We install Freesat and Sky TV systems in all areas of Calpe, including the Calpe Old Town, Calpe Playa, and the various Calpe urbanisations of Maryvilla, Canuta, La Pedrera, Ortenbach, Casanova, and Gran Sol.